Current Affairs Analysis 28 October 2017

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS 

=> Piyush Goyal launches Railways first set of Solar plants in Delhi :-

Railway Minister Piyush Goyal on Friday launched the railways first set of solar plants with a total capacity of 5 megawatt peak (MWp).

About Solar Plants Project :-

  • The project is part of the government’s National Solar Mission in which Indian Railways plans to commission 1,000 MWp solar plants across its network.
  • Aims to reduce the national transporter’s carbon footprint.
  • The plants on the roof tops of Hazrat Nizamuddin, New Delhi, Anand Vihar and Delhi railway stations will meet about 30 per cent of the energy requirement of these stations.
  • It will also reduce 6,082 tonnes of CO2 emissions annually.
=> Transgender Policy Cleared by Karnataka Govt :-

The Karnataka cabinet has cleared the State Policy for Transgenders, 2017 with an aim of bringing the community into the mainstream and safeguarding them from exploitation.

About Policy :-

  • Different categories of transgenders mentioned in the policy include “jogappa, jijra, female to male, male to female, inter-sex, kothis, jogtas, shivashakti and aravanis”
  • It aims to create awareness about the transgender community in all institutions & families.
  • It will bring into place a monitoring committee or cell at educational institutions to address issues of discrimination, sexual abuse and violence against transgenders.
  • It defines the indicators for a friendly policy, which goes beyond non-discrimination, and to include the transgender community in the ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’, Right to Education and similar efforts to promote literacy.
=> UP declares Vrindavan & Barsana as Sacred Sites :-
  • Uttar Pradesh government on Friday issued an order notifying Vrindavan and Barsana towns in Mathura district as “pavitra teerth sthals (sacred pilgrimage sites)”
  • No meat and liquor shops will be allowed in these towns anymore.
  • Vrindavan and Barsana are the first two places to be notified as teerth sthal in government records.
=> Begin radio frequency tagging of trees in Shimla: Himachal Pradesh HC :-

Himachal Pradesh High Court Friday directed the chief secretary to strictly enforce the ban on felling and also start the process of implanting Radio Frequency identification (RFID) tags inside trees.

What is RFID ?

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. The tags contain electronically stored information. RFID is one method for Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC)

Why It is implemented ?

Because of illegal and unabated felling of trees by unidentified persons, both on government as well as private plots.

=> Center To Introduce Mark Sheets for Gram Panchayats to Assess their Performances :- 

The Centre will introduce mark sheets for gram panchayats on 21 development parameters including economic activities and human resources, revealing the government’s latest attempt at alleviating poverty in rural India.

Key Parameters of Panchayat Mark Sheets
Key Parameters of Panchayat Mark Sheets

About Mark Sheets For Gram Panchayats :-

  • The village bodies will be given marks out of 100 and those with lower marks will receive more importance and resources.
  • The mark sheet will be made public next week by the Union rural development ministry.
  • It will provide a complete picture of development on the ground level.

According to Goldman Sachs, they had identified three areas :-

  • boosting agricultural productivity,
  • diversifying sources of rural income and urbanising rural areas

to bridge the difference between urban and rural growth in India.

=> Magazine to Help Dalits become Job givers Launched :-
  • Inspired by a nearly five-decade-old magazine focused on success stories of African American entrepreneurs, the Dalit Enterprise magazine is now focused on doing the same among Dalits in India.
  • It was launched by Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Dharmendra Pradhan.
  • It will strive for conditions where Dalits would blossom as “job givers” not “job seekers”.
=> Rajasthan passes quota bill for gujjars & 4 other castes :-

Rajasthan Assembly on Thursday passed a Bill which grants 5 per cent reservation to Gujjars and four other castes in the state.

About Quota bill :-

  • The Rajasthan Backward Classes Bill, 2017, seeks to increase the Other Backward Classes (OBC) quota from 21 per cent to 26 per cent
  • It creates a section for More Backward Classes for Banjara, Gadiya Lohar, Gujjar, Raika and Gadariya castes.
  • It also increases the current 49 per cent reservation to 54 per cent, exceeding the 50 per cent limit set by the Supreme Court.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

=> World First Hydrogen Tram Begins In China :-

The world’s first hybrid electric tram powered by hydrogen fuel cells has started running in China.

Daily Gk Affairs - World First Hydrogen Tram in China
Daily Gk Affairs – World First Hydrogen Tram in China

About First Hydrogen Tram :-

  • It marks a big step in the application of Green Energy in public transport.
  • It is the world’s first hybrid electric tram, with hydrogen being the main power source, according to China Railway Rolling Corporation (CRRC).
  • The tram, having three carriages can run for 40 kilometers at a maximum speed of 70 km/h after being refilled with 12 kilograms of hydrogen.
  • The tram operates on a 136-year-old railway line in Tangshan City.
=> Burundi becomes First Country to Leave International Criminal Court :-
  • Burundi is becoming the first country to withdraw from the International Criminal Court.
  • Burundi is the only one of three African nations to go ahead with its withdrawal after making moves last year to leave amid accusations that the court focuses too much on the continent.

ECONOMY :-

=> Asian Development Bank signs $65.5 mn Loan with GOI to support Coastal Protection in Karnataka

International financial institution, Asian Development Bank has signed a USD 65.5 million loan agreement with Government of India for checking coastal erosion on the western coast of Karnataka.

  • This is the second tranche of a USD 250 million financing facility under the Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Programme.
  • The loan agreement was signed on October 26, 2017 in Bengaluru by Sameer Kumar Khare, Joint Secretary (Multilateral Institutions), Union Finance Ministry and ADB’s country director Kenichi Yokoyama.
  • Funds procured through this loan will be deployed for immediate coastal protection needs and for strengthening institutional capacity of Karnataka’s public works, ports and inland water transport department.
  • Coastal erosion in Karnataka is turning out to be a high risk to human wellbeing, economic development and ecological integrity.
  • Quick Facts about Asian Development Bank (ADB):
    ♦ Formation Year – 1966
    ♦ Headquarters – Manila, Philippines
    ♦ Current President – Takehiko Nakaho
=> SAP launches Asia Pacific Japan region’s first Leonardo Centre in Bengaluru

SAP launched the Asia Pacific Japan (APJ) region’s first SAP Leonardo Center, in Bengaluru.

Leonardo Centre in Bengaluru:

  • The Leonardo Centre in Bengaluru is the first in Asia Pacific Japan region and the fourth SAP Leonardo Center globally.
  • The centre is located in the SAP Labs India, Bengaluru campus. Other SAP Leonardo Centers are located in New York, Paris and Sao Leopoldo.
  • The Leonardo Centre in Bengaluru will consist of digital transformation elements like IoT, Blockchain, Analytics, Machine Learning, Big Data, Data Intelligence and SAP Cloud Platform.
  • About SAP SE:
    ♦ German multinational software corporation
    ♦ Chairman – Hasso Plattner
    ♦ CEO – Bill McDermott

SPORTS

Amanpreet wins bronze at ISSF World Cup Final

India’s Amanpreet Singh secured third place in the 50-metre pistol final at the International Shooting Sport Federation World Cup Final in Delhi on October 27, 2017

Daily GK affairs - Amanpreet Singh wins bronze medal at ISSF World Cup Final
Daily GK affairs – Amanpreet Singh wins bronze medal at ISSF World Cup Final
  • He shot 76 out of 80 targets, three behind gold medallist Hu Binyuan (79).
  • This is Sangram’s first-ever medal in senior level, earlier he had won a gold at the Asian Shooting Championship for junior back in 2009 and silver in World cup.
  • Amanpreet shot 202.2 to win the bronze in the final of men’s 50m pistol at the Dr Karni Singh Shooting ranges.
  • Rai could manage only 123.2 to finish last in the seven- man final.
  • This was India’s first individual medal in the ongoing edition of the prestigious tournament.
  • Overall, this was the host nation’s second medal in the tournament following Jitu Rai and Heena Sidhu’s gold in 10m mixed air pistol on the opening day.
  • ISSF
    ♦ Founded – 1907
    ♦ Headquarters – Munich, Germany
    ♦ President – Olegario Vazquez Rana

IMPORTANT DAYS

Infantry Day – October 27

On 27th October 2017, Infantry Day was celebrated by the Indian Army.

Daily Gk Affairs - Indian Army Infantry day - 27 October 2017
Daily Gk Affairs – Indian Army Infantry day – 27 October 2017

Infantry Day:

  • Wellington Military Station celebrated the 71st Infantry Day on 27th October 2017. A wreath laying ceremony (laying flowers at a memorial site) was organized at the war memorial of the Madras Regimental Centre.
  • Wreaths were laid in the honour of infantry men who made sacrifice for India. 27th October is celebrated as Infantry Day, since, on this day in 1947, the first contingent of infantry landed at Srinagar Airfield. They fought against intruders to save the Kashmir Valley.
  • About Wellington Military Station:
    ♦ Location – Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu
    ♦ Purpose – Regimental Centre for the Madras Regiment of the Indian Army
World Day for Audiovisual Heritage – October 27

On 27th October 2017, World Day for Audiovisual Heritage was observed all over the world.

Daily GK Affairs - World Day for Audio Visual Heritage - 27th October 2017
Daily GK Affairs – World Day for Audio Visual Heritage

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage:

  • The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is celebrated to mark the adoption, of the Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images, by the 21st General Conference, in 1980.
  • Theme for The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage 2017 is “Discover, remember and share”. This day aims to create awareness to preserve and acknowledge the importance of audiovisual documents.
  • The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is an initiative taken mainly by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and the CCAAA (Coordinating Council of Audiovisual Archives Associations).
  • About CCAAA:
    ♦ Full form – Coordinating Council of Audiovisual Archives Associations
    ♦ Purpose – group of international private organizations working on audiovisual archiving

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