AT BONN, STAY THE COURSE :-
23rd Conference of Parties (COP-23) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will be held at Bonn in Germany.
COP-23 will be presided by Frank Bainimarama, Prime Minister of Fiji. It depicts that a Pacific island nation chairs this year’s COP as the very existence of low-lying islands is threatened by sea level rise due to climate change.
Wide Range of Issues :-
- adjusting to living in a warmer world with the associated impacts.
- sessions on loss and damage.
- implementation of targets that were decided by each country ahead of the Paris meeting.
At the Paris COP, countries agreed to try and limit global warming to 1.5°C but since previous discussions had centred on the Lakshman rekha of 2°C, this required renewed understanding of the policies and actions required to stay within a lower target.
Article 14 of the Paris Agreement provides the details on the targets, taking stock and reviewing them and the progress made towards long-term goals such as :-
Countries & Challenges :-
- US withdrawal from Paris Agreement
- Developing countries are dependent upon rich countries to help them with technology & financial help to achieve the goal.
- Global temperatures needs to be below than 2 degree Celsius.
FIXING THE STEEL FRAME :- (RELATED TO BUREAUCRACY)
In 1947, when we got independence from British rule, we continued to adopt civil services system inherited from the British.
The first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was aware that the colonial civil service system was unsuitable for a politically free, socially feudal and economically poor country such as ours. But yes we renamed them. We started calling them as Indian Administrative Service (IAS) & the Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS) etc.
But little has been changed on ground reality.
Flaws in Civil Services :-
- deeply hierarchical and rule-bound
- not having domain knowledge
- Seniority is not there.
Even UK went ahead to reform their civil services in 1950 when Fulton Commission gave its recommendations which shifted their focus from a system based only on seniority and “experience” to one which gave pride of place to domain knowledge.
What needs to do ?
- Govt needs to bring changes in their own ministries too.
- Portfolio should be given on the basis of knowledge & experience.
- New training programme needs to assess the domain knowledge