TOPIC – 1 => IS DEEP SEA FISHING THE SILVER BULLET ?
Tamil Nadu Fisheries University (TNFU) organized a one day workshop to promote deep sea fishing as an alternative to trawling in Palk bay.
Now Lets Understand What is Trawlers, Trawls & Trawling ?
- Trawlers also known as a dragger, is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls.
- Trawls are a fishing nets.
- Trawling is a method of fishing that involves pulling a Trawl through water.
Deep sea fishing has always been an integral part of the country’s Blue Revolution vision to exploit fishing resources to the maximum within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The present plan in the Palk Bay is to extract trawlers from the bay and replace them with deep sea vessels that fish in the Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar.
- What Is Blue Revolution ?
Blue Revolution is the water equivalent of the green revolution and primarily refers to the management of water resources that can steer humanity to achieve drinking water and crop irrigation security.
- What is EEZ ?
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind. It stretches from the baseline out to 200 nautical miles from its coast.
Palk Bay issue between India & Sri Lanka :-
What Indian Fishers doing ?
- Oversized fleet of Tamil Nadu trawlers that fish regularly in Sri Lankan waters.
- Damaging the boats and gear of small-scale fishers from Sri Lanka.
What Sri Lanka did ?
- Passed a legislation about banning trawling.
- Sri lankan Navy has also been vigilantly patrolling the International Maritime Boundary Line, ‘capturing’ Indian trawl boats and fishers.
So What Indian & State (Tamil Nadu) govt decided to do ?
- To remove as many trawl vessels from the Palk Bay as possible.
- New replacement tuna long liner boats cannot trawl or operate in the Palk Bay.
- The government is now creating a new deep sea fishing harbour at Mookaiyur, located just south of the Palk Bay in the Gulf of Mannar, where many of these vessels or trawlers are likely to be berthed.
But Question arises here According to Scientists :-
- Whether are there sufficient stocks of fish in the adjacent waters of the Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar to make deep sea fishing economically viable ?
- And do Palk Bay trawl fishers have sufficient skills and an interest for deep sea fishing ?
Ans :- 1) According to the report of the Working Group for Re-validating the Potential of Fishery Resources in the Indian EEZ suggests & highlights that:-
- Oceanic regions have a maximum potential yield of 208,000 tonnes.
- Oceanic stocks are not fully exploited.
- It also warns that oceanic resources are trans-boundary and hence are targeted by a number of other countries too.
Ans :- 2) For trawl fishers apart from the skills the main concern is :-
- Deep sea fishing is a worthy investment or not.
- Doubts about the high operational costs of deep sea fishing.
- Loan repayment schedule imposed by the Pandyan Grama Bank.
But govt is also trying to increase their skills regarding Deep Sea Fishing by setting up of special facilities in collaboration with the TNFU and the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training.
Now Another Question arises is How Indian Govt can help to resolve the conflict between India & Sri Lanka regarding Palk Bay ?
Ans :- ) Govt needs to do is :-
- Ask Trawl owners to surrender their boats while deep sea fishing vessels will not be allowed into the Palk Bay.
- Have to ensure that remaining vessels are not upgraded in size or engine horsepower.
- Tamil Nadu Fisheries Department’s capacity to monitor, control and carry out surveillance (MCS).
- Alternative livelihoods and skill development need to be rolled out.
Conclusion :- The Palk Bay conflict requires a multi-dimensional approach.
TOPIC – 2 => MEASURING JUDICIAL MERIT :-
Last week the Supreme Court Collegium said it would upload its decisions on the appointment and transfer of judges of the apex court and High Courts on the Supreme Court’s website. These details would be available as collegium resolutions. This is first significant step towards bringing transparency in judicial system.
Controversial Collegium :-
- Unfortunate transfer of Justice Jayant Patel, just as he was on the verge of taking over as the Chief Justice of the Karnataka High Court.
- Arbitrary behaviour of judges and their controversial statements. (Examples have been given alot in Hindu Newspaper you can easily pick out one or two)
Judicial Transparency Fails because :-
- It does not detail the “metric” or methodology for measuring judicial merit. Rather, while assessing the quality of judgements penned by the candidate as a trial court judge, it simply states: “As regards Smt. T. Krishnavalli… Judgment Committee has awarded her Judgments as ‘Good/Average’.”
- It does check on the quality of judgement.. i.e.. how well the judge writes and reasons out her decision.
- Clarity of the judgement.
Note :- To bring Transparency in Judicial Appointments. In 2015, a Constitution bench of the Supreme Court struck down the law that had created the National Judicial Appointments Commission. It held that the Commission, which would have given the Centre a greater say in judicial appointments, went against the separation of powers of the executive and the judiciary as framed in the Constitution.
Conclusion :- The latest move by the Collegium marks a monumental milestone in our judicial history but we also have to be mindful that this is only the beginning, and much more remains to be done.