Hindu Editorial Analysis 17th November 2017

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Overreach on the TN Governor meeting Govt officials :-

  • It is an act of constitutional impropriety for the Governor Mr. Banwarilal Purohit of a Tamil Nadu to review the work of government officials when an elected regime is in place by holding meetings in Coimbatore to review programmes.
  • According to Article 167 of the Constitution, it is the Chief Minister’s duty to communicate to the Governor all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration and proposals for legislation.
  • There may be occasions when the Governor may need to ask a top bureaucrat or the head of the police force for a report on a major incident or development, but even that should be for the limited purpose of getting an accurate picture before sending a report to the Centre.
  • But the truth is Governor should refrain from taking an independent view of any matter or legislative proposal & his functioning should be within the bounds of established norms and conventions.

The ASEAN Outreach :-

Context :-
The article talks about the importance of relationship between India and ASEAN

Important meetings attended by the Indian Prime Minister

  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)-India
  • East Asia summits as well as special celebrations marking the 50th anniversary of ASEAN
  • The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) leaders’ meeting
  • ASEAN Business and Investment Summit

which underscored India’s commitment to deepening ties with the ASEAN member states and the wider Indo-Pacific region as part of the ‘Act East’ policy

Importance of the Indo-Pacific region :-

  • The Indo-Pacific region is now central to global politics and economics
  • China is the most important player in the region.
  • This period of transition very significant for countries like India that have a stake in the long-term stability of the region

In a symbolic move, all 10 ASEAN heads of state have been invited to be guests of honour for next year’s Republic Day function

Different strategy adopted by India

  • The idea of an Indo-Pacific quadrilateral involving Japan, Australia, India and the U.S. .
  • Unlike in the past, India is no longer diffident about engaging with other regional players if it helps to further Indian interests in maintaining a stable balance of power in region.

Importance of ASEAN for India

  • ASEAN is currently India’s fourth largest trading partner, accounting for 10.2% of India’s total trade
  • India is ASEAN’s seventh largest trading partner
  • India’s service-oriented economy perfectly complements the manufacturing-based economies of ASEAN countries. There is, however, considerable scope for further growth

The way forward

  • India needs to do a more convincing job as a beneficial strategic partner of ASEAN by boosting its domestic economic reforms agenda, enhancing connectivity within the region, and increasing its presence in regional institutions.
  • The ASEAN nations should be clearer and more specific in their expectations from New Delhi and nudge India for a deeper, more broad-based engagement.

Back2basics :- 

Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN)

  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising ten Southeast Asian states which promotes Pan-Asianism and intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, military, educational and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states
  • Since its formation on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, the organisation’s membership has expanded to include Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam
  • Its principal aims include
    = accelerating economic growth,
    social progress
    sociocultural evolution among its members, alongside the protection of regional stability
    = provision of a mechanism for member countries to resolve differences peacefully
  • ASEAN is an official United Nations Observer

An Unsafe World :-

Context :-
IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) has worked for past 60 years to balance the benefits of nuclear technology for human development against the irreversible risks to the planet’s survival

The possession of the deadly bomb by four other countries, besides the five nations that founded the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), testifies to the impediments to restrict the use of nuclear energy for civilian purposes.

Current situation about Nuclear Weapon States :-

  • North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s defiance to expand the country’s weaponisation programme
  • US broke deal with Iran over the use of nuclear technology.
  • Growing tensions between India & Pakistan over nuclear use.

Against this backdrop, the prospects are remote that the 2017 treaty to legally ban nuclear weapons could win support from the NWS (Nuclear weapon states).

Need of safety frameworks :-

  • The IAEA Director General, Yukiya Amano emphasised on countries could not outsource the safety and security framework on the deployment of nuclear technology after the case of 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster.
  • This is especially critical since the share of nuclear power is expected to increase as part of attempts to reduce countries’ dependence on fossil fuels.
  • Equally, the emphasis on nuclear science to promote the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals would be subject to the safety frameworks in place.

Way forward :-

The Fukushima disaster has brought into sharp focus major concerns over :-

  • The management of nuclear waste
  • Potentially dangerous consequences for human civilisation and the environment over the long term.
  • On the merits and sustainability of nuclear technology as a credible source of energy.
  • Need of transparency & public accountability

Back2Basics :-

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Basics :-

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organisation that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
  • It was established as an autonomous organisation in 1957.
  • Headquarters in Vienna, Austria.

Objectives of IAEA :-

  • Peaceful uses – Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by its member states,
  • Safeguards – Implementing safeguards to verify that nuclear energy is not used for military purposes, and
  • Nuclear safety – Promoting high standards for nuclear safety.

 

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