Hindu Editorial Analysis 6th November 2017

Hindu Editorial Analysis 6th November 2017 - Daily GK Affairs
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Beyond Big Game Hunting :  The Quadrilateral Meeting :-

As India accepts the invitation to join the Japan proposed Quadrilateral grouping with Australia & USA to provide alternative debt financing for countries in the Indo-Pacific region, India has taken a significant turn in its policy for the subcontinent.

Why We are doing this ?

  • Growing aspirations with growing economy
  • To counter Chinese influence
  • To counter One belt one road initiative taken by China because as per govt point of view it affects our sovereignty.

Lets Look at some facts of the past :-

  • Sri Lanka :- India plays a crucial role in defeating LTTE in Sri Lanka but now its all gone.. Sri Lanka moves towards China now because China has become a regional power of the time. China is constantly investing in Sri Lanka’s much needed infrastructure & India has lost some important projects which have taken by China now.
  • Bhutan :-  Bhutan, which is working, with India’s assistance, on its own goal of producing 10,000 MW of hydropower by 2020. Its debt has increased to 110% of GDP  of which a staggering 80.1% of GDP (or 155 billion Nu, or $2.34 billion) is made up by hydropower debt mainly to India because of construction delays from India.
  • Nepal :- We have lost Nepal as a all time friend when we allow five month blockade at the border and calling for inclusive constitution to be implemented by Nepal.
  • Bangladesh :- We have lost ground in Bangladesh when Prime Minister Narendra Modi refused to mention the Rohingya refugee station in Myanmar.

Where it will lead to ?

Its true that we will be able to counter china with the help of USA, Japan & Australia but it will only happen at the cost of our influence in Indian Ocean..

  • We will not be able to stop US Naval Ships once they enter into Indian Ocean.
  • Regional issues with great complexity will increase.
  • It will increase multiple regional rivalries.

Conclusion :- India’s need to step back now & need to have a broader look on benefits & loss.

Seize the opportunity – exercising a firm grip :-

In March 2014, Supreme Court passed an order in a case brought by Public Interest Foundation which was on electoral reforms like,

  • Whether candidates for election should be disqualified only after conviction in a criminal case
  • Or at the earlier point of framing of a charge sheet by a court.

Justic RM Lodha relates the case against Sitting MP & MLA’s who have charges framed against them for serious offences specified in Section 8 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the trial should be conducted expeditiously, he said, in no case later than one year & if this is not possible it should be refer to judge of High Court.

Present Scenario :- 

On November 1st, Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Navin Sinha ask how many of the 1,581 cases involving MLAs and MPs (as declared in their nomination papers to the 2014 elections) had been disposed of within the time frame of one year, and how many of these ended in conviction. 

The Central government will take six weeks to respond. It fairly states that it will cooperate in setting up special courts to try criminal cases involving political persons.

After the Order Hardly any reports have filtered in about convictions following Justice Lodha’s order. It makes it more desirable that the Bench now exercises a firm grip over this case and steers it to conclusion. This will be as great a contribution to governance in India as any other because those with criminal backgrounds cannot govern us.

We need judicial relieve because :-

  • Out of the 542 members of Lok Sabha, 112 (21%) have themselves declared the pendency of serious criminal cases against them — murder, attempt to murder, communal disharmony, kidnapping, crimes against women, etc.
  • They also engage in corruption and infect the bureaucracy and the police. If virtually every aspect of public governance is tainted — from tenders and contracts to safety of buildings and roads to postings and transfers — lay the blame squarely on the decline and fall of political morality.

Argument that lead to clash between Judiciary decision & Constitutional law of equality that is Article 14 which permits classification based on criteria and nexus.

A shortage of judges can be overcome because in the Constitution, under Article 224A, provides for the reappointment of retired High Court Judges as ad hoc judges. 

How it can be done ?

  • One is the necessity of having prosecutors who are not attached to any political party.
  • One concern expressed is to find funds to create the infrastructure and staffing for the special courts.

Marooned Once More : Chennai’s need for flood management 

Chennai’s date with a strong northeast monsoon left tens of thousands of citizens in a state of despair which remind us of deluge of 2015.

Issues :-

  • City deals with flood and drought cycles remains unaddressed.
  • Successive governments have allowed the mindless draining of wetlands and their conversion into expensive real estate, with catastrophic consequences
  • The Great Flood two years ago has not yielded a policy course correction.

If the Tamil Nadu government is serious about putting Chennai on the global map of economically viable cities, it must move beyond the creation of weak storm water drains to an integrated flood management system.

Things need to be done :- 

  • Chennai and its sprawl extending to two neighbouring districts should return to the traditional wisdom of creating tanks and lakes for water storage, and rejuvenating old silted ones, in order to harvest the floods and replenish depleted groundwater
  • Need to revive such natural sponges.
  • Poor waste management have worsened the problem by blocking drains, canals and lakes, while ill-planned road projects are cutting off flood flows which needs to be immediately addressed.
  •  Remedial structures should be built for existing localities
  • Inviting the community to monitor the health of the tanks and lakes can keep out encroachers.
  • Good housing and civic infrastructure is actively addressed.

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