Daily Current Affairs 16th December 2017

Daily Current Affairs Analysis 16th December 2017 - Dailygkaffairs

Cabinet Approved Continuation of NAM (National Ayush Mission) :-

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the continuation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Ayush Mission (NAM) from 01.04.2017 to 31.03.2020 with an outlay of Rs. 2400 crore over the 3 year period.

Back2Basics :-

National Ayush Mission was launched in September, 2014. Features are :-

The NAM is being implemented by Ministry of AYUSH with the objectives of providing cost effective AYUSH Services, with a universal access which involve, among other things –

  • Upgradation of AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries,
  • Co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centers (PHCs), Community Health Centers (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs),
  • Strengthening institutional capacity at the State level through upgrading AYUSH educational institutions, State Govt, ASU&H Pharmacies,
  • Drug Testing Laboratories and ASU & H enforcement mechanism,
  • Supporting cultivation of medicinal plants by adopting Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) to provide sustained supply of quality raw-materials and development of infrastructure for medicinal plants storage and marketing.

The NAM is addressing the gaps in health services through supporting the efforts of State/UT Governments for providing AYUSH health services/education in the country, particularly in vulnerable and far-flung areas. Under NAM special focus is given for specific needs of such areas and for allocation of higher resources in their Annual Plans.

The expected outcomes of the Mission are as follows:

  • Better access to AYUSH healthcare services through increased number of healthcare facilities offering AYUSH services and better availability of medicines and trained manpower.
  • Improvement in AYUSH education through well-equipped enhanced number of AYUSH Educational institutions.
  • Improved availability of quality AYUSH drugs by increased number of quality pharmacies and Drug Testing Laboratories coupled with stringent enforcement mechanism.
  • Increased awareness and acceptance of the Yoga & Naturopathy as promotive and preventive health-care systems.
  • To meet the increasing domestic demand of herbal raw-materials and also to promote export.
Expected Questions :- 

- What is National Ayush Mission (NAM) & What are its objectives ?

- What would be the effects of National Ayush Mission (NAM) on our health sector and how it will benefit the society ?

Cabinet clears bill making triple talaq a crime :-

  • The Union cabinet on Friday approved the proposal to introduce the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill 2017, to make ‘Talaq-e-Biddat’ or instant triple talaq illegal and a punishable offence.
  • Pronouncing this form of divorce may even land the husband in jail for up to three years and a fine.
  • It would be a non-bailable, cognisable offence.

However after the introduction of this bill in Parliament in Winter session since this is not a constitutional bill, it will require the backing of a simple majority which refers to the majority of more than 50% of the members present and voting. 


Cabinet Approved National Medical Commission Bill :-

The Union Cabinet has cleared the National Medical Commission Bill, which does away with the Medical Council of India (MCI).

  • It will replace it with a regulator that will do away with “heavy handed regulatory control” over medical institutions and will also bring in a National Licentiate examination.
  • It will ease the processes for colleges to manage undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Earlier, the MCI approval was needed for establishing, renewing, recognising and increasing seats in a UG course. Under the new proposal, permissions need only be sought for establishment and recognition.
  • The Bill is aimed at bringing reforms in the medical education sector which has been under scrutiny for corruption and unethical practices
25-member body :- 

The Bill proposes a government-nominated chairman and members, who will be selected by a committee under the Cabinet Secretary. The 25-member NMC will have 12 ex-officio members, including four presidents of boards from leading medical institutions such as AIIMS and the ICMR 11 part-time members and, a chairman and member-secretary.

India Signs MOU With Colombia in Agriculture & Fisheries :-

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Colombia in the field of agriculture and fisheries.

The MoU provides for cooperation in the following fields of agriculture and Fisheries:

  • Innovative agricultural practices/approaches.
  • New agricultural mechanisation.
  • Successful models of agricultural marketing.
  • To develop projects in association with agricultural companies for production of seed.
  • Innovative production models and value generation processes in horticulture(vegetables, fruits and flowers).
  • Exchange of information/exchange visits of SPS experts.
  • Jatropha and Karaya.
  • Cooperation in research in oil seeds and oil palm.
  • Marine Industrial Fishing, Aqua-culture and Research & Training in the field of Fisheries.
  • Small and large ruminants (cattle, sheep, goat) and pigs productivity, diseases and diagnostics and Pork processing and value addition.

Cabinet approved agreement with UNESCO on establishment of International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography :-

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the establishment of International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography, as a Category-2 Centre (C2C) of UNESCO, in Hyderabad.

The purpose of this Agreement is to establish a training centre towards development of capacity for the countries on the Indian Ocean Rim (IOR), African countries bordering the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, small island countries under the framework of UNESCO.

What is Operational Oceanography ?

The operational oceanography is an activity of conducting systematic oceanographic studies towards providing information services to various sectors viz. fisherman, disaster management, shipping, ports, coastal states, navy, coast guard, environment, offshore industries for conducting their day-to- day operations.

The Centre will provide assistance in areas of capacity building and training, knowledge sharing and exchange of information, and hence could represent a valuable resource for UNESCO and its Intergovernmental Oceanography Commission (IOC) by enhancing the impact and visibility of UNESCO’s action.

Advantages :-

  • The establishment of UNESCO Category-2 Centre will provide an opportunity for India to emerge as a leading country in the Indian Ocean.
  • This will also help India to forge cooperation and improve engagement among the counties of the Indian Ocean, including South Asian and African states bordering the Indian Ocean.
  • The establishment of the centre would respond to the worldwide increasing need to build technical and management capacity to address marine and coastal sustainability issues and prepare the region for and react efficiently to marine natural hazards.
  • This C2C is intended to improve skill of students and other participants which will increase the employment opportunities within and outside India.
  • The establishment of C2C is also expected to increase ancillary development leading to employment generation in India.

The Centre could contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal-14 (SDG 14) related to building marine scientific research capacity in geographical area of the Centre responsibility which will also fulfill the commitments to support Small Island Developing States, Least Developed Countries.


 

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