Testing Traditional & Scientific Medical System

Can we integrate Traditional & Modern Scientific Medical System


Questions can be asked :-

>> Can we Integrate Traditional & Modern Scientific Medical System into one. Support your Answer with valid points.

>> Differentiate between Traditional & Scientific Medical System & Which Medical System is Better and what are their merits & demerits.

Context :-

  • All medical systems strive for one purpose — help the ill get well.
  • Can We integrate the traditional and scientific medical systems into one system of curative medicine?

What considers to be a traditional medicine ?

Ancient Indian and Chinese traditional systems and the more recent homoeopathy. All of them are together called ‘traditional medicine’.

Difference between Homeopathy (Traditional) & Allopathy (Scientific Medicine) ?

  • In Homeopathy, the basic belief is that molecules of chemicals that simulate symptoms similar to those in illnesses, given in minute and non-toxic quantities, are the remedies. The principle similia similibus curentur (likes cure likes) is implied in the name Homeopathy.
  • Allopathy  in which antidotes counter the causes of diseases.

Traditional Chinese & Ancient Indian Medical Systems :-

Chinese Medical System :-

  • The major doctrine in the Chinese system is that Qi, life’s vital energy, flows via ‘meridians’ that connect all organs and tissues.
  • If any gets blocked, illnesses result. Acupuncture, acupressure, massages, specific exercises and special diets and herbal medicines are applied as remedies.

Ancient Indian Medical System consider “Ayurveda” :-

  • Ayurveda has the Thridosha doctrine.
  • Imbalances between three hypothetical doshas cause illnesses.
  • Remedies are herbal concoctions, oils, oil massages, special diets, purgation, deworming, etc.

Birth of Scientific Medicine :-

  • Scientific medicine developed and grew in Germany, Austria, France, Britain and the U.S. during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Difference between Scientific & Traditional Medical System ?

Scientific Medical System :-

  • Natural sciences with their methods of inquiry and emphasis on objective evidence heavily influenced its growth, which continued in the 20th century and is still continuing.
  • Scientific medicine can and must question and revise dogmas, concepts, explanations and therapeutics through research inquiries.

Whereas Traditional Medical System :- 

  • In traditional systems, doctrines and therapeutics are given and fixed.
  • Students accept them en route to becoming physicians of such systems. It need not and cannot be verified by research.

Question of Accountability :-

In Scientific Medical System :-

  • Physicians have accountability to make evidence-based diagnosis and formally recommended remedies.
  • Any two independent physicians are required to make the same diagnosis and the same guidelines of therapy.
  • All diseases have been named, numbered and classified into a compendium — the International Classification of Diseases, the 10th edition being in current use.
  • If one physician makes a diagnosis and treats as such, the patient has the right to ask if both are based on evidences available in books and periodicals.
  • In case the physician had not followed such norms, he/she is liable to be tried for medical negligence and the patient compensated, if so proven.

In Traditional Medical System :-

  • Physician diagnoses and treats as best but without verifiability or accountability.
  • Fortunately, therapies in traditional medicines are generally harmless — hence patients do not face much risk.
Conclusion :- 

Traditional and scientific medical systems cannot be integrated. But one physician can learn any or all systems if he/she wants to.

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