UNHCR’S PROGRAMME TO PROTECT ROHINGYAS FROM ELEPHANT ATTACKS :-
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature have launched an action plan to prevent Rohingya deaths from wild elephant attacks at a refugee camp that lies between Myanmar and Bangladesh.
Why this action plan ?
- Because at least 10 refugees, including young children, have been killed in such incidents at the Kutupalong Rohingya refugee camp.
- The camp located along the migratory route between Myanmar and Bangladesh is used by the critically endangered Asian elephants.
What will be done under Action plan ?
- The “tusk force” will install watch-towers at key lookout points around the settlement and organise an Elephant Response Team to raise an alarm if elephants enter the camp.
- The programme will also set up elephant routes and corridors so refugees know what areas to avoid during an incident.
- It will also implement an awareness campaign regarding the risks.
WORLD WILDLIFE DAY – WILDLIFE UNDER THREAT
- Every year March 3 is celebrated as World Wildlife Day to raise awareness about our planet’s flora and fauna.
- This year the theme is “Big cats — predators under threat.“
- UN World Wildlife Day 2018 featured a star-studded cast — cheetah, clouded leopard, jaguar, leopard, lion, puma, snow leopard, tiger. These most majestic predators on our planet are facing many and varied threats, primarily caused by human activities, be it habitat loss, poaching, human-wildlife conflict or climate change.
CITES – Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
- The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was finalised on March 3 and the day has been celebrated as World Wildlife Day since 2014.
- CITES is an international agreement between the governments of 183 countries to protect wild plants and animals and ensure their survival.
INDIA-VIETNAM Signed Agreement on Civil Nuclear Energy :-
Strategic partners India and Vietnam on Saturday signed three agreements including
- One in the field of civil nuclear energy :-
MoU on Cooperation between the Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership, India (GCNEP) and the Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM) is to strengthen the technical cooperation in the field of atomic energy for peaceful purposes.
- Two in the field of agriculture :-
It is a work plan for 2018-2022 to promote cooperation in transfer of technology and exchange of visits of technical experts in the fields of agriculture;
- Three in the field of Trade and Economic Cooperation :-
It will facilitate establishment a framework for enhancing economic and trade promotion.
Oil Exploration :-
- Last year Vietnam renewed the contract to India’s ONGC Videsh by another two years, for oil exploration in block 128.
- China, has been constantly objecting to India’s involvement in oil and natural gas exploration in the Vietnam’s economic zone in the SCS where a large part of global trade passes through.
- India’s interest in the SCS is more for strategic reason than commercial.
Defence partnership :-
- The two leaders also discussed possibilities of co-production of weapons and allowing transfer of technology to enhance the capabilities of each other.
- India plans to help Vietnam in improving its weaponry by joint production and sale of missiles, ships and guns.
- In addition India also trains Vietnamese Sukhoi pilots along with other military personnel.
- Both sides have also agreed to work closely to address regional security challenges including in the domain of maritime and cyber security.
China Wants to Empower Xi More :-
What did the party propose?
- The proposal by the Communist Party of China (CPC) on February 25 to lift the two-term limit on the tenure of the President and the Vice-President. which means China’s top leader Xi Jinping can remain President for life.
- The implications of the attempt, likely to be formalised in the session of the National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s Parliament, on March 5.
Why was this step taken?
There appear to be at least three broad themes that may explain China’s decision to empower Mr. Xi indefinitely.
- China’s transition into one of the most powerful nations in the world is still very much a work-in-progress.
- Its shift from the workshop-of-the world to a manufacturer of advanced digitally enabled high-end products, leveraging Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things and Big Data is yet to reach adolescence.
- Mr. Xi’s trademark Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) to reinforce Beijing’s geoeconomic and arguably geopolitical heft.
Will he deliver?
Mr. Xi’s half-finished anti-corruption drive may also require continuity in leadership.
- A new anti-corruption National Supervisory Commission, which will be established at the session of the NPC, will hunt corrupt “tigers” and “flies,” not-only in the CPC but also in the vastly expanding private sector.
- The modernisation of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is also at a critical stage.
- Already the anti-corruption drive has led to the firing of over 100 Generals.
By all accounts, Mr. Xi is a risk-taker. During his first term, he skated on thin ice to confront powerful region-based factions in the CPC.
- His recent focus on eliminating poverty by 2020 appears to have gone down well among former migrant workers, many of whom are returning to the countryside, as the old economy declines.
Mr. Xi is likely to have built impressive domestic political capital, which he may now be ready to leverage by opting for an open-ended tenure in office.