Cabinet approves moving official amendments in the “Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016” :-
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for moving official amendments in the “Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016”.
- The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 proposes to regulate surrogacy in India by establishing National Surrogacy Board at the central level and, State Surrogacy Boards and Appropriate Authorities in the States and Union Territories.
- The proposed legislation ensures effective regulation of surrogacy, prohibit commercial surrogacy and allow altruistic surrogacy to the needy Indian infertile couples.
Once the Bill is enacted by the Parliament, the National Surrogacy Board will be constituted. The States and Union Territories shall constitute the State Surrogacy Board and State Appropriate Authorities within three months of the notification by the Central Government.
Major impact :-
- Once in effect, the Act will regulate the surrogacy services in the country and will control the unethical practices in surrogacy.
- It will prevent commercialisation of surrogacy and will prohibit potential exploitation of surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.
- While commercial surrogacy will be prohibited including sale and purchase of human embryo and gametes, ethical surrogacy to the needy infertile couples will be allowed on fulfilment of certain conditions and for specific purposes.
- Further, the rights of surrogate mother and children born out of surrogacy will be protected.
The Bill shall apply to whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
Cabinet approves the extension of the term of the Commission constituted to examine the issue of Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes :-
The Cabinet approved the extension of the term of the committee constituted to examine the issue of sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes in the central list. Sub-categorisation of OBCs aims to ensure more equitable distribution of reservations in government jobs and educational institutions so that dominant groups among OBCs do not corner benefits.
A five-member commission, headed by retired Chief Justice of Delhi High Court G Rohini, was constituted to examine sub-categorisation of OBCs.
Cabinet apprised of an MoU between India and Guyana :-
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in Renewable Energy between India and Guyana.
Both sides aim to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable energy issues on the basis of mutual benefit, equality and reciprocity.
- The MoU envisages establishing a Joint Working Committee to review, monitor and discuss matters relation to areas of cooperation.
- The MoU aims for exchange of expertise and networking of information.
The Memorandum of Understanding will help in strengthening bilateral cooperation between the two countries.
Cabinet approves revision of the DTAA between India and Qatar :-
Cabinet also approved for revision of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between India and Qatar for the avoidance of double taxation & for the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income
The revised DTAA updates the provisions for exchange of information to the latest standard includes Limitation of Benefits provision to prevent treaty shopping and aligns other provisions with India’s recent treaties. The existing DTAA with Qatar was signed on April 7, 1999.
Cabinet approves closure of India Development Foundation of Overseas Indians :-
Union cabinet also cleared the proposal to shut down India Development Foundation of Overseas Indians. According to the MEA, the India Development Foundation of Overseas Indians (IDF-OI) was set up by the government in 2008 as a not-for-profit Trust to facilitate Overseas Indian philanthropy into social and development projects in India.
Cabinet approves Opening of Indian Missions in Africa :-
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the opening of 18 new Indian Missions in Africa over a four year period from 2018-2021 to implement commitments of India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS-III).
The decision will enhance India’s diplomatic outreach in the African continent and allow India to engage with Indian diaspora in African countries. Opening of new Missions is also a step towards implementing the vision of enhanced co-operation and engagement with Africa.
Cabinet approves North-East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS) 2017 :-
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the North East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS), 2017 with financial outlay of Rs.3000 crores upto March, 2020. Government will provide necessary allocations for remaining period of scheme after assessment before March 2020. NEIDS is a combination of the incentives covered under the earlier two schemes with a much larger outlay.
In order to promote employment in the North East States, Government is incentivising primarily the MSME Sector through this scheme. Government is also providing specific incentive through the scheme to generate employment.