First Indian Sign Language Dictionary of 3000 Words’ Launched :-
The Government has launched the ‘First Indian Sign Language Dictionary of 3000 words’ in New Delhi. The dictionary was launched by Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Thaawarchand Gehlot.
Developed by the Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLR&TC) under Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) and M/o Social Justice & Empowerment, The Dictionary consists of words of five categories – everyday terms, legal terms, academic terms, technical terms and medical terms.
The govt has launched this dictionary with an aim
- To remove communications barriers between the deaf and hearing communities.
- To give deaf people the constitutional right to speech and opportunity of freedom of expression and also bringing them into the mainstream of the society.
Here are the five categories of this dictionary :-
1.) Everyday Terms – This category includes words that are used in everyday communication. The videos in this category contain the sign and their corresponding English term.
2.) Legal Terms – With 237 videos for the legal terms, this category helps in explaining complicated legal terminology like ‘Affidavit’ and ‘Acquittal’, etc that are used in various legal situations.
3.) Academic Terms – This category will help the kids understand complex academic concepts with terms like ‘Nervous System’, ‘Rotation’ and ‘Revolution’, etc from various subjects like Physics, Geography, Biology, Maths, etc. This category contains 229 videos for 212 terms.
4.) Medical Terms – There are 200 sign videos in this category for 200 medical terms that will help the deaf community to better understand medical terminology used in hospitals and in medical situations.
5.) Technical Terms – This category has 206 videos of sign and explanations for 204 technical terms that are used in vocational training or in computer courses.
The ISLR and TC have been working on this dream project for last 18 months to benefit 50,71,007 deaf and 19,98,535 dumb people (according to Census 2011) in the country. The English and Hindi terms for the dictionary will also help deaf children to learn English.
ISRO–BHEL Tie up for the Production of Space Grade Lithium-Ion Cell :-
ISRO has entered into a Technology Transfer Agreement (TTA) with Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), which is one of the country’s leading PSUs, to transfer the technology for the manufacture of space grade Li-Ion cells.
This Li-ion cell Technology Transfer will enable BHEL to produce space grade Li-Ion cells which can meet the country’s space programme requirements. This technology can also be adopted to cater to the Li-Ion cell requirement for other national needs.
Govt amended E-Waste Management Rules :-
Government has amended the E-waste (Management) Rules in a move to facilitate and effectively implement the environmentally sound management of e-waste in India.
- Amendment in rules has been done with the objective of channelising the E-waste generated in the country towards authorized dismantlers and recyclers in order to formalize the e-waste recycling sector.
- Collection targets under the provision of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) in the Rules have been revised and targets have been introduced for new producers who have started their sales operations recently.
Some of the salient features of the E-waste (Management) Amendment Rules, 2018 are as follows:
- The e-waste collection targets under EPR have been revised and will be applicable from 1 October 2017. The phase-wise collection targets for e-waste in weight shall be 10% of the quantity of waste generation as indicated in the EPR Plan during 2017-18, with a 10% increase every year until 2023. After 2023 onwards, the target has been made 70% of the quantity of waste generation as indicated in the EPR Plan.
- The quantity of e-waste collected by producers from the 1 October 2016 to 30 September 2017 shall be accounted for in the revised EPR targets until March 2018.
- Separate e-waste collection targets have been drafted for new producers, i.e. those producers whose number of years of sales operation is less than the average lives of their products. The average lives of the products will be as per the guidelines issued by CPCB from time to time.
- Producer Responsibility Organizations (PROs) shall apply to the Central Pollution Control board (CPCB) for registration to undertake activities prescribed in the Rules.
- Under the Reduction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) provisions, cost for sampling and testing shall be borne by the government for conducting the RoHS test. If the product does not comply with RoHS provisions, then the cost of the test will be borne by the Producers.