The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) in 2015 to facilitate 24×7 supply of power.
This scheme initiated much awaited reforms in the rural areas. It focuses on feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas which help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers .The earlier scheme for rural electrification viz. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) had subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.
The major components of the scheme are :-
- Feeder separation
- Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution network
- Metering at all levels (input points, feeders and distribution transformers)
- Micro grid and off grid distribution network & Rural electrification- already sanctioned projects under RGGVY to be completed.
- The rural agricultural and non-Agriculture consumers (domestic and non-domestic load) of the country are generally serviced through the local distribution network. Many rural areas of the country face insufficient electricity supply, consequently the distribution utilities are forced to resort to load shedding, thus affecting the power supply to both Agriculture and non-Agriculture consumers.
- The demand of power in rural areas is increasing day by day due to changing consumer base, improving living standards for which augmentation of rural infrastructure needs to be regularly undertaken
- The investment in the distribution network is low due to bad financial health of the distribution companies. Therefore in order to augment the reliability and quality of supply distribution network needs to be strengthened.
- To improve the commercial viability of power distribution, there is need for metering of all categories of the consumers
Keeping in view the above problems, Ministry of Power, Government of India had launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana for rural areas having following objectives:
- To provide electrification to all villages
- Feeder separation to ensure sufficient power to farmers and regular supply to other consumers
- Improvement of Sub-transmission and distribution network to improve the quality and reliability of the supply
- Metering to reduce the losses
Financial provisions :-
- Scheme had an outlay of Rs 76000 Cr for implementation of the projects under which Government of India shall provide Grant of Rs 63000 Cr
Benefits from the scheme :-
- All villages and households shall be electrified
- Increase in agriculture yield
- Business of Small and household enterprises shall grow resulting into new avenues for employment
- Improvement in Health, Education, Banking (ATM) services
- Improvement in accessibility to radio, telephone, television, internet and mobile etc
- Betterment in social security due to availability of electricity
- Accessibility of electricity to schools, panchayats, hospitals and police stations etc
- Rural areas shall get increased opportunities for comprehensive development