Public use of statistics started in India with Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis (PCM), whom Google has paid homage with a doodle on his 125th birth anniversary today. Mr. Mahalanobis set up the prestigious Indian Statistical Institute (ISI).
About Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis :-
- Mr Mahalanobis is known for his pioneering work in statistics and is most often remembered by the “Mahalanobis distance”, a way of measurement used in population studies and was one of the members of the first Planning Commission of India.
- He further laid the foundations of Indian statistical system through the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) and the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO).
- He served as the chairman of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Sampling from 1947 to 1951.
- He was appointed the honorary statistical adviser to the Government of India in 1949.
- He was also awarded one of the highest civilian awards, the Padma Vibhushan one of the highest honours in 1968 by the Government of India.
- India’s second five year plan (1956-1961) which laid heavy emphasis on the development of the public sector and rapid industrialization also followed the Mr Mahalanobis model which emphasizes the importance of building a strong domestic consumption goods sector, which was crucial to the nascent Indian economy and had a lasting impact on the nation’s development.
The eminent scientist breathed his last on June 28, 1972, just a day ahead of his 79th birthday.