Govt targets migratory population to prevent re-emergence of polio virus

Govt targets migratory population to prevent re-emergence of polio virus

Issue :-

  • Re-emergence of Polio Virus in india through migratory population

Preventing Re-emergence

  • To prevent the re-emergence of polio virus in India, the ministry of health and family welfare is now targeting mobile and migratory population from neighbouring countries such as Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • The government has already started the process of identifying children living with mobile and migratory families to prevent the spread of the virus.
  • Health Ministry officials have prepared a database of children living near brick kilns, streets, tent houses and nomad families.

Still prevalent in the neighbourhood

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), at least 11 cases have been registered in 2018 in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  • Since there is a possible movement of people from the countries to India, the Centre is continuing with the Pulse Polio campaign as a preventive measure despite being polio-free.

About Polio :- 

  • Polio is a highly infectious viral disease, which primarily affects young children.
  • The virus is transmitted through person-to-person and spreads through the faecal-oral route or through contaminated water or food.
  • It multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.

Polio Incidence in India :-

  • The last reported cases of wild polio in India were in West Bengal and Gujarat on 13 January 2011.
  • On 27 March 2014, the WHO declared India a polio-free country, since no cases of wild polio had been reported for three consecutive years.
  • Currently, two types of vaccines–oral polio vaccine and injectable polio vaccine–are being used in India to provide enhanced protection.
  • The nation-wide polio campaigns are continued along with routine immunisation under initiatives such as Mission Indradhanush.
  • So far, the government has been administering polio doses to children under five years through the door-to-door Pulse Polio campaign, the immunisation programme seeks to eliminate poliomyelitis (polio) in India.

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