UPSC Current Affairs 25th July 2018

UPSC Daily Current Affairs 25th July 2018

GOVERNANCE :-

Lok Sabha approves Prevention of Corruption ‘Amendment’ Bill 2018

  • The Lok Sabha on Tuesday passed the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2018 that seeks to punish bribe-givers and bribe-takers.

Features of the Bill :-

  • The Bill provides for jail terms of three to seven years, besides fine, to those convicted of taking bribes and those offering illegal gratification.
  • The Bill also extends the ambit of public servants who will be protected by the provision of a prior government sanction for prosecution.
  • There is also a provision now to get prior permission for starting an investigation and that has prompted many to say that the law has been “diluted” from its original draft.
  • The current law makes a distinction between “collusive bribe givers” and those who are “coerced.” In such cases, the Bill seeks to protect those who report the matter within seven days.

States sent Advisory on Lynching :-

  • The Home Ministry another advisory to States and asked law enforcement and intelligence agencies to monitor social media platforms and stop the spread of “irresponsible and explosive messages, videos and other material which have a tendency to incite mob violence and lynching of any kind”.

According to the Advisory :-

  • The Ministry asked the States to set up a special task force for gathering intelligence so that no one was attacked on the suspicion of being a child-lifter or cattle-smuggler.
  • Wherever it is found that a police officer or an officer of the district administration has failed to comply with the directions to prevent, investigate and facilitate expeditious trial of any such crime of mob violence and lynching, it should be considered as an act of deliberate negligence and misconduct, and strong action must be taken

Reasons to bring the advisory :-

  • The move came in the wake of the constitution of a Group of Ministers (GoM), headed by Home Minister Rajnath Singh, and a committee, headed by the Union Home Secretary, to work on a legal framework to check incidents of lynching.

Special AYUSH Clinics for Elderly People :-

  • The Government provides optimum services to the elderly under AYUSH system of medicines.
  • As Health is a State subject, the opening of a special clinic for elder persons in villages comes under the purview of the respective State/UT Government.
  • Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM), there is a provision of financial assistance to the States/UTs for setting up of up to 50-bedded integrated AYUSH Hospitals and for the establishment of AYUSH facility in Primary Health Centres (PHCs).

Geriatric Care under National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

  • Under NAM there is a provision of the supply of essential drugs to the AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries through which the public including elderly persons can avail free services.
  • In addition, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH is providing health services to the elderly persons through its 23 Clinical units (Special Geriatric Clinics) located throughout the country.
  • Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH is providing health services to the elderly persons through its 23 research centres and 8 peripheral Out Patient Departments (OPDs) located throughout the country.
  • Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS), an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH is also providing Geriatric special Out-Patient services.
  • Further, National Institute of Siddha (NIS), an autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH also conducts a special OPD for elderly persons where Geriatric patients are exempted from payment of Indoor-Patient Department (IPD) charges.

National Policy on Women’s  Safety :-

An Action Plan has been furnished by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, which covers legal and schematic interventions to enhance safety of Women having the following components :-

  • To strengthen implementation of legislations including those on prohibition of child marriage, indecent representation of women, protect women against domestic violence, POCSO, trafficking, and prevention and prohibition of sexual harassment.
  • Implement schematic interventions including those for women to prevent violence and improve status of girl child, involving community for safe neighbourhood,
    Setting up One-Stop Centres in each district for counselling and providing first-aid to women victims of violence,
    Setting up universal Helpline 181
    Increase working women hostels,
    Strengthen child care institutions for rehabilitation of victims of violence and strengthen grievance redressal.
  • Convergence of various projects under implementation for women safety and rehabilitation under Nirbhaya scheme including Inter-alia
    Setting up Emergency Response Support system, Mahila Police Volunteers, Cyber-crime portal, strengthening forensic facilities, and other women safety projects for increasing public safety.
  • Ministry of Home Affairs has set up a Division on Women’s Safety to give a focused attention to the safety of women in the country.

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