UPSC Daily Current Affairs 17th July 2018

UPSC Daily Current Affairs 17th July 2018

ECONOMY :-

Users own data, not entities storing them :-

Issue :-

  • Present Framework to Protect Personal data of users is not sufficient.

Introduction :-

  • Telecom regulator TRAI said each user owned his or her data collected by or stored with the entities in the digital ecosystem that includes devices and applications.
  • The entities are mere custodians of the data
  • TRAI also points out that the existing framework for protecting the personal data of telecom users is not sufficient.

TRAI Recommendations on Privacy, Security & Ownership of data :- 

  • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India has said the right to choice, consent, data portability, and the right to be forgotten ought to be given to consumers.
  • The regulator has also suggested that all entities in the digital ecosystem that control or process users’ personal data such as devices, operating systems, browsers as well as applications, be brought under a data protection framework.
  • Along with running consumer awareness programmes, the regulator has suggested that multilingual, easy to understand, short templates of agreements or terms and conditions be made mandatory.
  • TRAI has also recommended prohibiting use of “preticked boxes” to gain users’ consent.
  • TRAI suggested that device manufacturers incorporate provisions so that users can delete pre-installed applications if they so decide.
  • TRAI also said entities should be restrained from using meta-data to identify individual users.

Committee Formation :-

  • The government has formed a committee, headed by former Supreme Court judge B.N. Srikrishna, under the Ministry and Electronics and IT, which is working on the country’s first data protection framework.
  • Proposed that a study be undertaken to formulate the standards for anonymisation, or de-identification, of personal data generated and collected in the digital ecosystem.

NATIONAL :-

Faster visas for minorities from three nations :-

Long term Visas to Minorities :-

  • The Home Ministry has liberalised the process for granting long-term visas (LTVs) to minorities from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
  • The Home Ministry has reduced the time limit for security clearance of applicants from 45 days to 21 days.
  • After an application reaches the central system, it’s forwarded to three agencies for verification — the State government, the Intelligence Bureau and the Home Ministry.

Reason to grant Long Term Visas :-

  • The move comes days after one of its officials was arrested by the Rajasthan Anti-Corruption Bureau for allegedly extorting money from Pakistani Hindu migrants for their visa extension, visa transfer and grant of citizenship.

Process :-

  • The State government, through the local police, has to run a background check on the applicants who has applied for an LTV.
  • If the State doesn’t reply within 21 days, the system will log them out and the application will be deemed to be cleared. If, in future, there is a security implication, the onus will be on the State government.
  • Once the replies from all agencies are fed in the system, the application is automatically processed.

Background :- 

  • The visa facility, first introduced in 2011 for persecuted Hindus from Pakistan in 2011, was further liberalised after the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government came to power in 2014.
  • The LTVs granted to Pakistani Hindus from 2011 to 2014 stood at 14,726 & From January 1, 2015 to July 16 this year, 15,244 LTVs were issued.
  • In 2015, the government granted concessions to Bangladeshi, Pakistani and Afghanistan nationals belonging to the Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, Christian and Jain communities, who entered India on or before December 31, 2014, in respect of their entry and stay in India without proper documents or after the expiry of relevant documents.

National Database for Gun License Holders :-

Introduction of National Database of Arms Licences system :-

  • From April 2019, names of all arms licence holders, new or old, will be included in a national database and they will be issued a unique identification number.
  • Every licensing and renewing authority will have to enter the data in the National Database of Arms Licences system, which will generate a UIN, and with effect from April 1, 2019, any arms licence without UIN shall be considered invalid, the Ministry said in a notification.
  • Any existing licensee holding multiple licences shall on or before April 1, 2019 make an application for grant of a single licence in respect of all firearms held by him or her under his or her UIN to the concerned licensing authority.

Objective :-

  • The move is aimed at keeping a tab on authorised private gun holders, many of whom are often found involved in crimes and celebratory firing leading to loss of lives.

DEFENCE :-

Army to resume M777 trials :-

Trials for M777 will be resumed :-

  • The Army will resume the trials of the U.S.-made M777 ultralight howitzer in the Pokhran firing range.
  • The Army had received four guns for the trials & Firing will resume this month and continue in August. “Local ammunition will be used and tentatively 100 to 150 rounds will be fired” the official said.

Another Details :-

  • The trials will be conducted by the U.S. government and India will be an observer. Following the trials, the Army will take formal custody of the guns.
  • Of the 145 guns, 25 will be imported while the remaining 120 will be assembled in the country in partnership with the Mahindra group.

Background :-

  • In November 2016, India signed a deal with the U.S. government under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme for 145 M777 guns at a cost of $737 million.
  • Following this, two guns were delivered for calibration and making range tables with local ammunition when the barrel burst occurred. The trials have been suspended since..

About M777 :-

  • The M777 is a 155-mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun made of titanium and aluminium alloys and weighs just four tonnes, making it transportable slung under helicopters.

 

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