UPSC Daily Current Affairs 21st July 2018

UPSC Daily Current Affairs 21st July 2018


‘Rent-a-lab’ Policy to bring revenue to Institutions :-

  • The government has proposed a new policy Scientific Research Infrastructure Management and Networks (SRIMAN), that could transform scientific instruments in government labs into lucrative assets generating a steady rental income.
  • It plans to hire out to researchers all lab equipment that cost more than Rs. 10 lakh. This would also reduce the amount of time such expensive instruments remain idle.
  • For now, The policy is open to public comments for a month.

Features of SRIMAN Policy :-

  • To promote ease of access, sharing and monitoring, the granting agencies will henceforth tabulate and put all equipment funded by it costing more than Rs. 10 lakh on the Internet, to be accessed by researchers.
  • The new system envisages institutions declaring on a website how often their instruments would be available for use by those outside the department or university. Those who would like to use, for example, a DNA-sequencing machine, would have to pay a fee and specify the purpose and time they would want it for.

New Cell to resolve Child Custody Disputes :-

  • The government told Parliament on Friday that a mediation cell would be set up under the apex child rights body, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), to resolve child custody disputes arising from cases of transnational marital discord.
  • Minister of State for Women and Child Development Virendra Kumar also told the Lok Sabha that the Centre had not yet taken a decision on either acceding to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or framing a domestic law on the issue.
  • The U.S. has been exerting pressure on India to sign the multilateral treaty. According to its Child Abduction Report 2018, with 104 cases of inter-country parental abduction, India was second only to Mexico which had 241 cases.

About National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) :-

  • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in March 2007 under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
  • National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development ,Government of India.
  • The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group


Packed Agenda for PM on Africa Trip :-

Rwanda :-

  • India will sign a defence framework agreement with Rwanda next week when Prime Minister Narendra Modi visits Kigali along with his tour of Uganda and South Africa from July 23 to 27.
  • The defence agreement is expected to enhance ties between the two countries, which became Strategic Partners in January 2017 & will be accompanied by a number of agreements on dairy cooperation, leather exports, agriculture and cultural ties.

Big boost to bilateral ties with Rwanda :-

  • During a recent visit to India, Rwanda Senate President Bernard Makuza said that Mr. Modi’s visit would be a “big boost” to bilateral ties, and India was expected to enhance the Lines of Credit for Rwanda, which have already topped $400 million for development cooperation.
  • Significantly, India has yet to set up a long-promised embassy in Kigali, despite specific promise to do so in a joint statement after a meeting between President Paul Kagame and Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2017 in Delhi.

Uganda :-

  • During his visit to Kampala capital of Uganda on July 25, PM Modi is expected to sign a number of agreements and discuss further lines of credit in addition to one for $141 million for electricity projects and $64 million in agricultural ventures with President Yoweri Museveni. Mr. Modi will also address a session of the Ugandan Parliament.


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