The government is working on an ambitious plan to provide induction stoves to poor households in rural and urban India. The scheme being explored by the Union power ministry will help reduce import of fossil fuels and generate fresh demand for electricity and consequently support under-utilised power plants
Why induction stoves ?
- Induction cooking is more efficient as energy is directly transferred to the pan. As India is the biggest emitter of greenhouse gases after the US and China and among the countries most vulnerable to climate change
- India plans to reduce its carbon footprint by 33-35% from its 2005 levels by 2030, as part of its commitments to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted by 195 countries in Paris in 2015
Implementation of the scheme :-
The shift to induction cooking will be possible after the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) is implemented because the scheme is expected to increase India’s electricity demand, with the centre setting a December 2018 deadline to provide electricity connections to more than 40 million rural and urban households.The country’s energy demand is likely to go up by 2.7-3.2 times between 2012 and 2040
Increasing electrical demand
- Any substitution of fuels for cooking and heating will improve India’s per capita power consumption of around 1,200kWh, which is among the lowest in the world. According to the government, the Saubhagya scheme will require an additional 28,000 megawatts (MW) of power, considering an average load of 1 kilowatt (kW) per household for eight hours in a day
- The measures to boost demand include setting up a pan-India power distribution company, given that the segment will be key to the long-term fortunes of the power sector
What have been the reasons for bad electrical demand ?
- Distribution companies (discoms) have so far been the weakest link in the electricity value chain
- Poor payment records of state-owned discoms have adversely affected power generation companies & also contributed to stress in the banking sector