UPSC Daily Current Affairs 14th August 2018

UPSC Daily Current Affairs 14th August 2018

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SC Accepts Govt Proposal – Blue For Petrol, Orange For Diesel: Delhi’s New Colour Codes For Vehicles

  • The Supreme Court has approved the central government’s proposal to use colour-coded stickers in Delhi for classifying vehicles on the basis of fuel used.

Classifying Cars :- The scheme entails using two types of stickers to distinguish between vehicles that run on petrol, CNG and diesel.

  • The vehicles that run on petrol and CNG will have light blue stickers
  • The diesel vehicles will have orange stickers

According to Govt, the colour-coded vehicle scheme will help restrict the use of vehicles on days when the pollution levels are severe & it will be a more scientific way than the odd-even scheme.

Supreme Court orders :-

  • The bench also comprising justices S Abdul Nazeer and Deepak Gupta asked the ministry to implement the use of coloured stickers on vehicles operating in Delhi-National Capital Region by September 30.
  • The Supreme Court also asked Additional Solicitor General ANS Nadkarni, who was representing the ministry, to consider having green number plates for electric and hybrid vehicles.

Pune tops Ease of Living Index 2018, Delhi 65th :-

Three cities of Maharashtra – Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai – are the most livable places in the country, according to the ranking of 111 cities on the Ease of Living Index released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on Monday.

Ease of Living Index 2018 :-

  • Four cities of Maharashtra made it to the top 10 list (Thane is placed at 6th spot)
  • National capital New Delhi was ranked a lowly 65 on the index.
  • Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, which have a number of big cities, found no representation in the top 10.
  • Interestingly, the capital cities of poll-bound Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh made it to the top 10 list. Bhopal was ranked 10th, while Raipur was placed at the 7th spot.
  • Among the Union Territories, Chandigarh was the only city that made it to the top 10 list and was placed 5th. Two cities of Andhra Pradesh – Tirupati and Vijayawada – were ranked 4th and 9th respectively.

About Ease of Living Index :-
  • The Ease of Living Index is an initiative of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to help cities assess their liveability vis-a-vis global and national benchmarks and encourage cities to move towards an ‘outcome-based’ approach to urban planning and management.
  • Cities gets ranked on four factors – institutions and governance, social infrastructure (education/health), economic factors and physical infrastructure.
  • The Ease of Living assessment standards are linked to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and will provide a strong impetus to India’s effort for systematic tracking progress of SDGs in the urban areas.

India rejects U.K. proposal on DNA tests for ‘illegal migrants

Govt. refuses to sign the pact citing ‘privacy issues’

  • India rejected a proposal by the U.K. to use DNA sampling to establish the nationality of illegal migrants living there citing privacy issues
  • Although a MoU on return of illegal migrants was initiated after due approval of the Union Cabinet
  • As per the original MoU, security agencies in India were to verify the antecedents of illegal migrants without documents in the U.K. within 72 days and those with documents within 15 days
  • If no report was given within the stipulated time frame, the illegal migrant would be deported automatically

DNA Sampling is unethical

  • The U.K. authorities have earlier suggested that the nationality of document-less illegal migrants suspected to be Indians could be established by matching DNA samples of their family members living here
  • India raised objections as this was a breach of privacy and unethical
  • According to the British government’s estimates, there are around 1,00,000 Indians overstaying their visa in the U.K
  • India has contested this and said that as per their estimate, the number will not be more than 2,000

Twists and turns

  • In January, Union Cabinet approved the contents of a MoU on “return of illegal migrants” to be signed with U.K.
  • The pact was expected to be signed during the visit of PM to London, but it was not included in the official list of business
  • As per the original MoU, the security agencies in India were to verify the antecedents of document less illegal migrants in the U.K within 72 days and those with documents within 15 days
  • India pulled out of the pact citing the time frame was not feasible.

National Wildlife Genetic Resource Bank dedicated to nation :-

Union Science and Technology Ministry dedicated to the nation, the National Wildlife Genetic Resource Bank. Genetic resources from 23 species of Indian wild animals have been collected and preserved.

Genetic Resource Bank

  • This facility would increase the collection of genetic resources from wildlife through collaboration with zoos in India
  • This would facilitate the exchange of genetic material between Indian zoos for maintaining genetic diversity and conservation management made accessible to scientists and wildlife managers for implementing conservation programmes.

About LaCONES :-

  • The Laboratory for the Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES) is a dedicated laboratory of the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad
  • CCMB-LaCONES is the only laboratory in India that has developed methods for collection and cryopreservation of semen and oocytes from wildlife and successfully reproducing endangered blackbuck, spotted deer and Nicobar pigeons
  • Wildlife Genetic Resource Banking (GRB) is the systematic collection and preservation of tissues, sperm, eggs and embryos, genetic material (DNA/RNA)
  • It helps prevent the loss of valuable individuals to the gene pool.

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